Concerned with a dependence on the Chinese market for its exports, New Zealand has agreed to the implementation of trade deals with the UK and the EU. Negotiations have been going in the background of rising tensions in the Pacific especially between China and Australia. However being too reliant on one market is a risky business as is depending on one resource to generate export income – the resource curse.
Background to New Zealand’s trade with China
On 7th April 2008 New Zealand became the first OECD country to sign a free trade deal with China. However this is not the only first with regard to the relationship between the two countries. New Zealand was the first to negotiate a WTO accession agreement with China as well as the first to recognise China as a “market economy”. With this in mind, the Chinese government have acknowledged the support of New Zealand by granting them the first bi-lateral agreement with a western nation.
Today China is New Zealand’s largest trade partner, accounting for NZ$19bn (US$13.5bn) exports in the year to the end of March, a quarter of its total exports. The deal with the UK would involve tariff cuts on New Zealand farm exports including dairy, lamb and beef but this would be a concern for UK farmers especially as they have now left the protectionist EU subsidies.
New Zealand trade destinations – March 2020 – March 2021