Today Graeme Wheeler the RBNZ governor announced at 0.25% cut in the OCR – now 2.25%. He listed the following reasons for the cut:
- Significant fall in inflationary expectations. The RBNZ has forecast that inflation will only reach 0.5% by September this year and 2% in March 2018. Since the GFC in 2008 weak inflation has been prevalent in the world economy and with the collapse in oil prices it has got weaker in the second half of last year.
- Globally there is also decline in core inflation – a measure of inflation that excludes certain items that face volatile price movements. Therefore there is little or no imported inflation to talk about. A depreciation of the $NZ could mean an increase in the price of imports but would make New Zealand exports more price competitive – something that Graeme Wheeler is keen on given the weakness of New Zealand export prices.
- A decline in the global outlook – interest rate cuts in Japan, EU and the UK accompanied by weaker growth in China. See graph below of Central Bank rates.
Surprisingly enough he said that the lower Fonterra milk payout was not a major factor in the bank’s decision as it was just a reflection of weaker global demand. Graeme Wheeler did suggest that one more rate cut might be on the cards – ‘monetary policy will continue to be accommodative’